If you’ve just starting out running, you probably heard of pronation, under pronation and over pronation. This is the way that our foot rolls inward when we walk or run, it’s a natural movement that helps our lower leg deal with shock. While some people are more on overpronation or less underpronation than the rest, it is best to know which side you are to better know what is the right running shoes for you.
Although it isn’t that bad, it does affect the way you run and it can increase the risk of injury, this will make your pronation patter an important factor if you’re planning to get the best running shoes.
What is Pronation?
Pronation occurs at the joint below the ankle, namely the subtalar joint. It is the inward rolling motion of the foot just after you land on the ground, this is called initial contact which the part of the stance phase of the gait cycle.
Running shoes were designed today specifically for these type of pronation patterns. When you pick your next pair of running shoes, your pronation type is very important factor to start from.
You are a neutral pronator if your soles on your shoes show a wear in an S-shaped pattern from the outer heel to the big toe. If you have this kind of pattern, you can pretty much have a variety of shoes, though a specialized neutral running shoes will offer cushioning and support, which is the most suitable.
Neutral Running Shoes
Underpronation also known as supination, si when your foot doesn’t pronate much. The outer side of the heel hits the ground in a increased angle with little to normal pronation occurs, this result in a large shock throughout the lower leg. The lateral loading of the foot continues, affecting your running efficiency.
If you are underpronators, you would be suspectible to shock-related injuries, stress fractures. Better to choose a running shoes with plenty of cushioning and support.
Underpronation Running Shoes
Overpronation is when your foot rolls excessively, for example late in the phase of gait, Large part of the weight is being transferred to the inner or medial side of the foot, as you move forward the load will be in the inner edge rather than the ball of the foot. This causes to de-stabilize your foot which you will regain by compensating in an inward movement.
Overpronators should consider getting a maximum support of cushioning shoes. Running shoes in both of these categories will help your feet distribute the impact on your leg effectively.
Shoe pattern will show extra wear on the inside of the heel and under the ball of the foot, especially the big toe area.
Overpronation Running Shoes
Hope this clears up every confusion you have when you’re getting the right running shoes for you. If you have other questions or suggestions, don’t hesitate to comment below.